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T.E.(Terry) Manning,

Schoener 50,

1771 ED Wieringerwerf,

The Netherlands.

Tel: 0031-227-604128

Homepage: http://www.flowman.nl

E-mail: (nameatendofline)@xs4all.nl : bakensverzet



Incorporating innovative social, financial, economic, local administrative and productive structures, numerous renewable energy applications, with an important role for women in poverty alleviation in rural and poor urban environments.



"Money is not the key that opens the gates of the market but the bolt that bars them"


Gesell, Silvio The Natural Economic Order

Revised English edition, Peter Owen, London 1958, page 228



Edition 11: 28 September 2006


05.11 Initial environmental study


An initial report on the environmental impact of this project under the applicable environment laws has been prepared.

For an example (in French) see: Study of the environmental impact of the Yoto 10 project in Togo.

The project is 100% ecological.

It is based on the use of renewable energies, and in particular on the use of solar photovoltaic cells to power  the distributed drinking water sstructures. The eco-sanitation structures planned compost waste materials on site. Urine and faeces never come into contact either with drinking water or with surface or underground waters.

Non-organic wastes are collected and recycled where possible under the local money systems set up for productive uses within the project area .

The use of  high efficiency stoves eliminate smoke and fine particles hazards inside and around users’ homes. The replacement of fire-wood and charcoal by locally made min-briquettes safeguards forests and minimises CO2 emissions. The project should in principle qualify for CER (carbon emission reduction) certificates under the Kyoto treaty, the sale of which can contribute to the financing of  project activities.

The local production of items made from gypsum composites is also entirely ecological. The working cycle is such that the very small quantity of water needed during one phase of the cycle are recycled in a second phase of the cycle without the loss of any used or dirty water into the environment. Gypsum composite products are themselves 100% ecological. They are always repairable. Should they no longer be needed, they can be returned to the production units for 100% recycling to make new products. Material used is never lost to the environment, but even if it were, would not harm persons or things.

The use of gypsum composite materials may well cause fine dust in areas immediately surrounding the production units and the quarries. For this reason, the working of gypsum composites in restricted areas should always be accompanied by means of protection for eyes and lungs. The project involves manual mining and manual working of materials on a very small scale, to the order of a few hundred tons a year.

The quarrying of gypsum can in principle cause the need to re-locate a few families whose homes may be situated directly on the gypsum deposits. The amounts of gypsum required, are however, so small that the need to re-locate anyone is considered extremely remote.

Exploitation rights relating to the gypsum deposits are held by the project on behalf of the inhabitants of the community where the gypsum deposits are situated.  Used  quarry areas will be turned into useful local social structures according to the preferences expressed by the inhabitants, who are also the owners of the land.


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