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T.E.(Terry) Manning,

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Incorporating innovative social, financial, economic, local administrative and productive structures, numerous renewable energy applications, with an important role for women in poverty alleviation in rural and poor urban environments.



"Money is not the key that opens the gates of the market but the bolt that bars them"


Gesell, Silvio The Natural Economic Order

Revised English edition, Peter Owen, London 1958, page 228



Edition 12: 03 October, 2009


05.45 Structure for the radio station

For an example of a local radio station in India, refer to the article  Radio Bundelkhand - Giving Voice to the Voiceless By Indira Mansingh, Chief Advisor, Development Alternatives, The Better India, 2009, Cited in Sangati News Bulletin no. 3.78, 02 October, 2009

Where political authorities have no objection, the establishment of a local radio station is often an integral part of the project. The station is a part of the management of communications concerning the project. Since most people in the project areas possess a radio, radio is an excellent way to spread information on the project developments and the management of the structures set up. It also enables users to discuss initiatives taken and to be taken, and to express their criticisms. It can also become a vehicle for local commerce.

In some developing countries, independent communication may be seen by political and military authorities as a security threat and forbidden. In other cases, political and military control may take the form of prohibitive annual licensing fees.

The radio station will be placed in a location in the centre of the project area so as to limit the transmission radius. A PV operated station may be preferred to one running on "imported" electricity, as this increases the autonomy of the station and reduces long term financial leakage from the project area.

The management of the station will be completely autonomous.

Without influencing this independence in any way, the programme could indicatively comprise the following elements:

(a) Transmission of information on project activities (news bulletins)
- Convocation of meetings for structures (tanks commissions, LETS systems etc)
- Information on decisions taken during meetings
- Information on progress made with the installation/setting up of the various structures
- Information of interest-free micro-credits conceded

(b) Transmissions by interest groups
- Initiatives the groups wish to take
- Information on initiatives under way

(c) Information on cultural and sporting activities in the project area

(d) Emergency services

(e) Promotion of the project towards the outside.


The setting up of the station is covered by a separate item in the indicative balance sheet. The workshop will decide how this is to be done.

Work is carried out under the local LETS money systems - Expenses in formal currency (electricity?, equipment and the costs of running it) would need to be paid back over 3 or 4 years.  The workshop may decide to do this through:

-a) Collection of a small (formal currency) contribution at household level. 
-b) Formal money payments for services rendered to people living in the areas surrounding the project area.
- c) Advertising by producers outside the project area towards people living in the project area. Advertising for  producers inside the project area will normally be done under the local money system; however, where necessary a part of these costs might be in formal currency.

One Moraisian workshop will be held.

Indicative participation:

The Moraisian trainers.
The project coordinator.
The general consultant.
At least one representative of the NGO.
Representative of the Ministry of Communications.
At least 5 observers (possible coordinators for future projects).
20 persons indicated by the tank commissions interested in participating in the management of the station.
50 persons indicated by the tank commissions, interested in producing programmes for the station.

Duration of the workshop: about three weeks.

The Workshop will be expected to produce the following structures:

a) A coordination structure
- definition of the social form
- statutes
- rules
- professional and administrative structures
- financial aspects including payments
- relations with the local money LETS systems

b) Analysis of requirements
- detailed analysis of the communications needs of the individual structures created under the project
- demand in the project area
- demand outside the project area

c) Material structure
- Land
- Permits
- Office/studio
- Transmission equipment
- Equipment for production and storing of programmes

d) Logistics
- Transport
- Storage of materials
- Organisation of network

Forward : Other typical productive structures.

Back: maintenance structures.

Complete index of the Model.

Main menu for the Model.


List of drawings and graphs.
Typical list of maps.
List of key words.
List of abbreviations used.
Documents for funding applications.


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