(nameatendofline)@xs4all.nl : bakensverzet
social, financial, economic, local administrative and productive structures,
numerous renewable energy applications, with an important role for women in
poverty alleviation in rural and poor urban environments.
"Money is not the key that
opens the gates of the market but the bolt that bars them"
Gesell, Silvio The Natural
Revised English edition, Peter
Owen, London 1958, page 228
: PRINCIPLES OF THE LOCAL MONEY SYSTEMS.
local exchange trading (LETS) systems to overcome the chronic lack of "formal"
money in the project area is fundamental to the project. LETS systems create
local currency units to exchange goods and services. They eliminate common
complaints concerning the operation of development projects such as:
no money to pay people to write out the water bills"
"There's no money to collect the monthly contributions"
"The people can't afford san-plats for their toilets"
often, all that is needed is a way to transfer goods and services within the
community without having to use formal money. This helps to avoid financial
leakage from the local economy system.
propose to make participation in the LETS systems compulsory for all people in
the project area of working age because everybody will benefit from and
participate in some of the community level initiatives undertaken within the
project. For instance, PV lighting for study will be financed at local tank
commission level and its costs written off against the users in that tank area
only. Others, such as tree-planting or road building may benefit the whole
community and every member will be charged for his share. Compulsory membership
is also needed where common assets are being used or sold or when goods and
services for the project have to be supplied in the local currencies.
all LETS transactions are open to normal "free market" negotiation between the
goods and services like those provided by the Community Health Clubs, and those
needed to build the sanitation and water supply services can be paid for using
the LETS systems. We have included formal currency estimates for these goods and
services so that enough micro-credit loan money is available to start developing
system(s) will be set up in (name
local money system(s) is organised at tank-commission, well-commission, and
central management level.
the level of each of the (200) tank-commissions in the project area a number of
facilities are set up. These include:
assistance for completing transactions (at least one job for each tank
for the deposition of transaction slips.
agenda point during tank-commission meetings.
of transaction slips for registration.
registration centres are built and equipped at the level of each of the (35) well-commissions in
the project area. Each centre can
support from 2 to 6 transactions registration staff, with a registration rate of
200 transactions per hour, for one, two or three shifts. Maximum daily capacity
is therefore 4.800 transactions, or
about three transactions per day for every adult in the well commission area.
The registration centres keep back-up,
electronic and paper records of
transactions centres liaise with the central system management.
central system management keeps back-up, electronic and paper records of
transactions and prepares statistics. It liaises with other local money systems,
resolves operational conflicts, and is responsible for any decisions not taken
at tank-commission and well-commission level.
detailed information on LETS systems refer to:
LETS LOCAL MONEY SYSTEMS
two, three, four) Moraisian workshops will be held, one for each local money
participation (all workshops together)
The project coordinator.
The general consultant.
2 representatives of the NGO.
Representative of the Finance Ministry.
Representative of the Rural Development ministry.
At least 5 observers (possible coordinators for future projects).
100 persons, indicated by the well commissions, who will have indicated their interest in registering transactions.
400 persons (men and women) indicated by the Tank Commissions interested in taking responsibility for the management of the LETS systems at tank commission level.
of (the, each) workshop: about six weeks.
Workshops will be expected to produce the following structures:
Definition of the social form of the LETS structures
- professional and administrative structures.
- financial aspects.
- relationships with other non-formal local money systems.
Structure for the registration of transactions.
- physical working space (offices).
- adaptation of environments against weather and dust.
- safety and back-up procedures to protect information.
- purchase of computers, printers, equipment for registration of members et electrical connections eventually using PV.
- distribution of physical structures: LETS boxes, notice boards.
- preparation of cheques or other instruments of exchange to be used.
- publication of the services available within the system.
Coordination with users.
- preparatory meetings with users at tank commission level.
- presentation of the local coordinator.
- registration of members.
- distribution of cheques or other instruments of exchange.
- starting transactions.
A communications structure.
- vertical, at project level (project coordinator, transaction registrars, those responsible at tank commission level, users).
- horizontal, with the various persons responsible at the same level (amongst transaction registrars, amongst tank commission level operators).
- horizontal, amongst local money systems.
- commercial, radio, website