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Edition 03 : 27 March, 2009

Version en français.



Integrated Development Plan “Eastern Province, Kenya, 2015”


Prepared by the NGO Mpende Jirani
(address etc)





La  ONG Stichting Bakens Verzet,  PAYS-BAS

Direction : T.E.Manning

Schoener 50, 1771 ED Wieringerwerf, Pays Bas

Tel. 0031-227-604128

E-mail :

Website :


Version 01 : 17 September, 2008



1. Project framework




Preparation of a detailed plan under the framework of the Millennium Goals for the integrated development of the Eastern Province of Kenya for the benefit of all 5.500.000 inhabitants there without exception. The Plan includes the introduction in each of the +/- 110 individual project areas foreseen of a cooperative, interest-free, inflation-free, local economic environment where personal initiative and true competition are free to flourish. Social, financial, production and service structures are set up in a critical order of sequence ensuring a good quality of life for all. Apart from local money systems and interest-free, cost-free micro-credit structures, inhabitants will enjoy clean drinking water, ecological sanitation facilities, hygiene education, a complete waste recycling system, improved accommodation through elimination of smoke, improved education and health structures, and protection of the environment they live in. Execution of individual projects included in the Plan will ensure nearly all Millennium goals are reached in the Eastern Province of Kenya.


“Plan for the integrated development of the Eastern Province, Kenya 2105.




NGO Mpende Jirani, Reading, UK NGO Bakens Verzet, Amsterdam, Netherlands, Embu District Council  and/or  Eastern Region government and/or Embu High School (or other suitable partner) .




Euro 200.000 +  availability of space with 40 computers at partners’ premises .


Euro 1 = KES 100


3 months from real availability of the project finance of necessary space and equipment and of the necessary vehicles.


January 2009


Euro 200.000 + availability of work space, equipment.




0 %


2. Summary of the action:


2.0 Short description of the proposal.


The project involves the drafting of an integrated development plan for the Eastern Province of Kenya to meet nearly all of the Millennium goals there. The Model for ecological durable local integrated development projects devised by the Dutch NGO Stichting Bakens Verzet («Another Way ») is used for the preparation of the regional plan. The Model incorporates a new vision of the relationship amongst the social, financial, productive and service structures necessary for local development. Full application of the Plan will provide a full range of sustainable services necessary for a good quality of life for the entire population (without exclusion) of about 5.500.000, divided amongst +/- 110 projects. Each of the +/- 110 projects will later be further refined in close cooperation with the inhabitants, who will also play an active role in their execution. Once the planned structures are in place the inhabitants will run, maintain, own and pay for them. Women play a leading role at all levels. 

The budget for the preparation of the Provincial Integrated Development Plan is Euro 200.000.


2.1 Needs and constraints.


This proposal refers to decisions taken in connection with the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) adopted in 2000 with a purpose of reducing the part of the world population without sustainable access to clean drinking water by 50% by 2015) and the decisions taken during the World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD) held in Johannesburg in 2002 with a purpose of reducing the part of the world population without sustainable access to sustainable sanitation by 50% and promoting efficient integrated structures for the management of water resources.)

While Kenya is not in absolute terms the poorest country in Africa, income is not well distributed there and its rural areas are recognised as being very poor. The number of people in the rural areas in Kenya with access to clean drinking water and sanitation facilities is very low. In rural areas in the Eastern Province practically no-one has access to clean drinking water or to sanitation facilities. Amongst the poorest and most deprived people of Kenya live in the Eastern Province.

It is clear that so long as traditional concepts of development are followed, the task of supplying clean drinking water and sanitation facilities to the people in the project area and of promoting their general development so as to ensure them a good quality of life is a very difficult, if not impossible one. New integrated development concepts are needed to ensure that the people enjoy a complete range of services essential to a good quality of life. A powerful local general mobilisation of the people in the project area is needed. The formal money cost of the mobilisation must at the same time be very low.

The plan for the Eastern Province will have a pilot function. Acceptance of the concepts applied in the plan as the basis for a strategic plan for sustainable integrated development at national level in Kenya would involve setting up about 700 such projects there. The importance for Kenya of  this first project, and especially of the first pilot project in the Eastern Province is successful,  poverty could be eliminated in Kenya within a few years, in any case by 2015.


2.2 Poor and vulnerable populations.


The proposal is based on the improvement of the quality of life of all of the inhabitants in the Eastern Province of Kenya, without exclusion, and in particular of that of women, children, and the poorest.

During execution (excluded from the preparation of the Regional Plan) of each of the +/- 110 individual projects, the people themselves, and in particular the women, are mobilised to create four thousand  sustainable jobs. With execution of all +/- 110 projects in the Province, this means the creation of 440.000 jobs  The people set a full range of local social, financial, productive and service structures up. The individual projects are therefore not limited to drinking water supply and sanitation. They also cover, by way of example, structures for hygiene education for women and in schools, autonomous recycling at local level of organic and non-organic  wastes, local money systems, interest-free micro-credit structures for productivity development, structures for the local production of most of the items necessary for the basic services mentioned, communication systems, lighting for study purposes, local production of high efficiency stoves to eliminate smoke and health hazards in and around users’ homes, the production of mini-briquettes for use with the stoves, and structures at household level for the harvesting of rainwater. The drinking water structures are the ones requiring the highest formal  currency investment, as they contain elements which are not susceptible to local manufacture under the structures set up by the project.


2.3. Relationship of the plan with the goals and principles of integrated development in Kenya.


The regional plan proposed comprises the drafting of +/- 110 innovative integrated development projects each of which provides for the establishment of numerous permanent, physical, and sustainable social, financial,  productive and service structures which all become the property of the inhabitants themselves, and in the management of which women play a dominating role. The inhabitants participate in  the planning, execution and management of the project structures. They sustainably organise, run, and maintain at their own cost all of the structures set up. The monthly contribution (Euro 0,60 – KES 6 per person for the first three years, 0,75 – KES 7.5 per person for the following seven years) paid by each family into the Cooperative Local Development Fund covers the entire range of services offered, and is affordable even to the poorest families, who benefit from a three tiered social security system itself integrated into the project structures. Sustainable hygiene education, drinking water, eco-sanitation systems at household level and structures for the recycling of organic and non-organic waste and for the elimination of smoke hazards inside users’ homes improve the conditions of health in the project area, and in particular that of women and children. Elimination of the use of wood for cooking leads to a reduction in CO2 emissions and to the protection of forests and the environment in general. The project sets up a complete, voluntary, cooperative, interest-free, inflation-free local economic environment entirely managed by the community itself.


2.4 Added value and multiplying effects of the regional plan.


The proposed project is fully integrated in an innovative way and constitutes a world-wide precedent. For about 3.6 eurocents (+/-  KES 3.6) per inhabitant, a basis  can be laid out for the elimination  of poverty in the Eastern Province of Kenya over a period of 4-5 years at a cost of about (Euro 100 – KES 10.000) per person through the supply of a full range of basic structures necessary to a good quality of life, with the creation of several hundred thousand (+/- 440.000) individual and cooperative jobs and local money systems enabling limitless exchanges of locally produced goods and services in each project area. Each family will receive on an average at least Euro 2500 – KES 250.000 in interest-free micro-credits for productivity increase over each period of 10 years. The success of a first pilot project in Kenya should lead to the formation of an integrated development strategy at national level, and to pilot projects in other countries.

Execution of the +/- 110 indvidual projects, starting with a single pilot project, could be started early 2009 on condition the necessary initial formal money funds (Euro 75 of KES 7500) per person necessary for it are made available. The amount of initial formal money capital necessary for all 5.500.000 inhabitants of the Eastern Province is Euro 412.500.000 (KES  The amount of initial formal money capital necessary for all 35.000.000 inhabitants of Kenya is Euro 2.625.000.000 (KES 262.500.000.000).   

In principle all of the +/- 110 individual projects in the Eastern Province could be completed by 2015. In case of financial limitations, priority should be given to the poorest rural communities.


3. Methodology and sustainability.


3.1 Appropriateness, practicability, and coherence of the proposed activities.


The Plan provides for the drafting of +/- 110 integrated development projects each setting up a cooperative, non-profit, interest-free, inflation-free economic environment up in its project area for the benefit of all of the +/- 50.000 inhabitants there, where individual initiative and true competition can flourish. Together the +/110 projects supply work for about 10% of the adult population and powerfully influences the economic development of the remaining 90%.

All of the social and economic structures and services set up are sustainably created, run, owned and paid for by the people themselves without the need for any financial assistance after their formation.  These local economic and management structures are set up during capacitation or organisational workshops run following the concepts developed by the Brazilian sociologist Clodomir Santos de Morais. The order in which these workshops are held is critical.

The new integrated sustainable development principles applied in this project call for a pre-determined sequence of activities offering an optimum guarantee to donors and funding organisations as to how their funds are used. First, the social structures, being the health clubs or the hygiene education structures (they constitute a platform for women’s participation), the tank or local development commissions, the well or intermediate level development commissions, and a central management structure are set up. Secondly, the financial structures, being the local money systems and the self-financing interest-free micro-credit systems are set up. Finally, productive structures are set up for the local production, using the financial systems created, of most of the articles necessary for the range of basic services foreseen, such as the distributed drinking water and eco-sanitation structures, which can then be installed.


3.2 Participation of the beneficiary population in the execution of the +/- 110 projects to be drafted and incorporated in the Regional Plan.


Initially about 200 Health Clubs, each based on 40-50 families of 5 people or 20 traditional extended family groups (200-300 people) are set up in each project area. They form a platform for women, to make sure they can organise themselves in groups and participate en  bloc at local development meetings and to play a dominant role in the various social, financial, service and productive structures set up.

Once the Health Clubs are in operation in a given project area, 200 tank or local development commissions are set up. They are based on the same groups of 20 extended families or 40-50 families of 5 (200-300 people). Each of the tank commissions has 3 - 5 members, all or at least most of whom are women. These commissions are the heart of the project. They in turn elect about 45 intermediate or well commissions, which in turn choose a 45 member central commission, which is the Project Parliament. The Central Commission nominates a central management unit and controls its activities.

Once the tank and well commissions and the central committee and the central management unit are in place, it is possible to set up the local money systems which offer the inhabitants in the project area means for the transfer of all locally produced and consumed goods and services. The art at this point is to identify and use technologies enabling most of the goods and services necessary to local development and a good quality of life in the project area to be produced in the project area with 100% local value added. Such goods and services can then be produced, installed, maintained and paid for under the framework of the local money systems set up, without the need for any formal money at all. An example applied in this project is the possibility to produce, install, manage, and maintain a complete dry composting eco-sanitation structure throughout the project area without the need for a cent of formal money. The costs of running the local money systems are covered under the local money systems themselves.

Once the LETS local money systems are in place, a distinction can be made between what can be done under the local money systems and what must be “imported” into the project area. For goods and services needed for basic urgently needed services  such as clean drinking water supply, use is made of the project’s seed funds to cover the formal money (Euros) cost of imported goods and services. For other initiatives cooperative interest-free micro-credit structures are put in place. These recycle monthly contributions (Euro 0,60 –KES6- per person for the first three years, and Euro 0,75 – KES 7.5 - per person for the following seven years) made by users into the Cooperative Local Development Fund in the form of interest-free for credits for sustainable productivity purposes, for the purpose of purchasing goods for productivity increase not locally produced. The micro-credit systems allow for at least Euro 2500 – KES 250.000 - of interest-free micro-credit for each family during the first ten years of the project. Probably much more, as the Euro 2500 is conservatively based on an average two-year pay back time. The Cooperative Local Development Fund is set up as a project structure. It belongs to, and is run by the people themselves, at the beginning with professional support through the project Coordinator.. The costs of running the micro-credit structures are covered under the local money systems. 

Once the cooperative micro-credit structures and the LETS local money systems are in place, the production structures can be set up, and in particular units for the production of articles from gypsum composites. Amongst the priority items for manufacture in these factories are products necessary for the water supply project such as water tanks, well linings, water containers, etc.  When capacity is available they can start making the planned ecological sanitation systems, and other necessary items such as high efficiency stoves, rainwater harvesting systems, construction components. Where cheap gypsum or anhydrite deposits are present in or near the project area, little or no formal money is needed either for the raw materials or for production, installation and maintenance. Small amounts of formal money may be needed to cover the purchase of gypsum in other areas of Kenya, and its transport to the project area.


3.3 Sustainable impact.


Apart from structures basic to poverty alleviation and an improved quality of life, such as hygiene education at home and in the schools, water supply, sanitation in the homes at schools and in clinics, solar lighting for study purposes, solar refrigeration for medicines in clinics, improved cooking stoves etc,  no  attempt is made in the individual projects to be drafted and included in the regional plan to list all of the initiatives which could take place there, as these are as varied as the minds and wishes of the people.

However, any services the local people may consider of special importance can always be included in the project for their area and itemised in its budget. Some examples are the setting up of a local radio station, setting up local milk shops for the pasteurisation and distribution of milk, the creation of cooperative storage facilities for food, especially for food for local consumption, the creation of a seed bank and the draining and re-structuring of market squares and public places. Many such poverty alleviation initiatives may require some project-level formal money funds. Some of them are provided for in the project budget in question. Other initiatives, for instance, creating sports clubs, theatre groups, local consultants’ offices, or communications centres, plant nurseries, reforestation etc would typically be done under a combination of the LETS local money systems and the interest-free micro-credit systems.

The contributions made by users into their Cooperative Local Development Fund in each project area will be sufficient, were this to be necessary, to finance and repay an interest free formal currency loan for up to Euro 3.750.000 over a period of 10 years, taking the various reserves and loan repayments into account. Should payments out of reserves be higher than expected, the project administration for the area in question may choose to increase the monthly contribution of the families after four or five years, as their standard of living improves.  Interest-free loans for various project structures transferred by the project to private persons or cooperatives are paid back into the Cooperative Local Development Fund over a period of 3-5 years. These loans include those for the gypsum composites manufacturing units, the briquette manufacturing units, public transport cooperatives (buses), and the maintenance and installation cooperatives (vehicles). At the end of the first ten years' period, on repayment, where appropriate, of any ten year interest-free loan, large capital reserves will again be built up during the next following ten years for use in Micro-credits and, subsequently, for the extension and renewal of capital goods. In case of loan repayment after ten years, funds available for interest-free micro-credits will be temporarily reduced to zero. Since the families continue to make their monthly payments to the Cooperative Local Development Fund, the capital in the Fund for micro-credits will gradually build up again during the second period of ten years as it did during the first period of ten years. Where the original seed funding for a given project is provided by way of grant, the large amount of capital in the Fund at the close of the first period of ten years will continue to circulate for micro-credit loans and accumulate. Some or all of it may be invested to extend project structures.

The principles of sustainable integrated development on which the projects to be drafted under the Provincial Plan are based are such that all, or at least a part, of  users’ monthly  contributions to the Cooperative Local Development Fund can be covered by savings in their current expenditure which are a direct consequence of  the use of the project structures set up. For instance, users no longer need to make formal money payments for drinking water, for wood for cooking, or for rubbish collection. Some sustainable applications under the project reduce CO2 emissions. The main one is through the use of locally-produced high efficiency cooking stoves, others are the substitution of the use of kerosene lamps by solar home systems, and of some pumping systems by solar or advanced hand-pump technologies, and the reduction of the use of non-rechargeable batteries. They therefore qualify, at least in theory, under the Kyoto treaty for the issue of CER certificates, which can be traded to industrialised countries. The value of these certificates will contribute to covering the cost of the projects and may, over time, cover all their costs, enabling the seed capital to be recycled for other poverty alleviation initiatives. Alas, complex administration and compliance costs of applications under the Kyoto treaty have been kept so high that smaller projects of this type have up until now been excluded from qualification. 

Women in particular benefit from the presence in project areas of time-saving services. At least one hour per day  currently dedicated to fetching water, four hours a week from the presence of washing facilities, four hours a week currently dedicated to collecting fire-wood. The installation of milling units at local level means that women can save up to two hours a day currently dedicated to crushing staple foods such as maize and millet.


There are also major project savings deriving from reduced health costs. Water-borne diseases should be eliminated in each project area. Everyone there will have a good diet and live in a less smoky living environment, with a corresponding reduction in the number of cases of  illness and death. Malaria will not be eliminated, but its frequency will be drastically reduced through the draining of stagnant surface waters, use of mosquito nets, and hygiene education courses. Because people are more healthy they are able to do more work, and their productivity automatically increases. There will be a sharp reduction in the costs of getting sick people to hospitals.


Elimination of the use of wood for cooking leads automatically to re-forestation and environmental improvements in each project area.


The use of eco-sanitation techniques means that the inhabitants themselves produce all of the fertilisers (and water) they need to produce their own locally produced food supplies, so that food no longer needs to be imported into project areas.


4.Operational capacity and expertise for the execution of the Regional Plan.


4.1. Applicant’s experience.


The NGO “Plan for the integrated development of the Eastern Province of Kenya 2015” has been set up by its members for the purposes of execution of the plan. The members of the applicant partnership have been active since (years) in rural development initiatives in rural areas in Kenya.

(Make special reference where applicable to experience in the Eastern Province).

Members of the applicant partnership are a member of (list of Associations and Federations of which the members of the applicant partnership are members) . They are currently active in (areas where applicant is active, with special reference to the project area).  In (year) applicant (received, was recognised for) (list of awards, recognitions at international and national level). The members of the applicant NGO are specialised in (carefully describe areas of specialisation, with special reference to integrated development, hygiene education, drinking water supply and sanitation, rights of women, micro-credit development, and environmental protection.) The new concepts presented in this project enable the applicant NGO to make a high quality contribution to the quality of life of all of the inhabitants without exclusion in the +/- 110 project areas to be defined in the Regional Plan  in all of the named sectors, in particular hygiene education, drinking water supply, and sanitation through the formation of a full range of social, financial, service and productive structures there. The project calls for a good existing relationship with the people in each of the +/- 110 planned project areas, where, because of the poverty of the people, few national and international aid structures are present . (Describe how the members of the applicant NGO enjoys such a relationship).

For the execution of the Provincial Plan the NGO “Plan for the integrated development of the Eastern Province of Kenya 2015” will work in cooperation with the Dutch NGO Stichting Bakens Verzet (“Another Way”) the  Director of which. T.E.Manning, is the author  of the Model for ecological, sustainable, local integrated development projects on the basis of which the Provincial Plan proposal has been drafted and following the principles of which each of the +/- 110 individual projects will be drafted and, subsequently, put into execution.


4.2.Technical expertise sufficient to carry the project for the Provincial Plan out.


Execution of the action for the drafting of the proposed Provincial Plan will be placed in the hands of a group of students who will draft the +/- 110 individual projects necessary. The applicant partners will act as the team responsible for the coordination of the Plan.

The first coordinator, acting  is Mr Peter Gatuna, of the NGO Mpende Jirani, Reading, UK.


Mr Gatuna  (supply short biography/CV)


(short description of services available)


Mpende Jirani is qualified to do this through its office (where?) , (a general manager, a qualified economist, a civil engineer, a sociologist, a secretariat and an independent auditor. ) (It also has a local office in the project area, with (personnel)).  It and/or its members are able to supply financial guarantees through (name of leading bank). For specified services (name them) the applicant can call upon the advice of (names of NGO members and associates).

The named consultant (Terrence Edward MANNING) is (director of the Dutch NGO Stichting Bakens Verzet.) He is the author of the innovative Model on the basis of which this the +/- 110 projects to be drafted in execution of the Plan will be based. NGO Stichting Bakens Verzet is responsible for the promotion of the Model for sustainable integrated development  in question, which it has placed in the public domain. NGO Stichting Bakens Verzet,  through its director Mr Manning, has also cooperated in the drafting of this proposal for the Provincial Plan, in the sole interests of the local populations and without remuneration, as a voluntary contribution to the development of the Eastern Province of Kenya. The NGO Stichting Bakens Verzet has agreed to make Mr. Manning available to act as general consultant to the project coordinator for the executive management of the Provincial Plan for the daily pro-diem payment foreseen by the European Union for European expatriate staff in Kenya. The dedication of the NGO Stichting Bakens Verzet to the preparation of this proposal and Mr Manning’s unique personal knowledge of the innovative development principles in question make him particularly suitable for this position.


Preparation of the +/- 110 integrated development projects to be included in the “Plan for the integrated development of the Easter Province of Kenya 2015” will be placed in the hands of students, under the supervision of the coordinators.


One of the secondary project goals of the Plan is the intensive training of young people in the concepts and methods behind the Model for ecological sustainable local development projects promoted by NGO Stichting Bakens Verzet so that they will in turn be in a position to act as coordinators for the execution of the +/- 110 individual projects they have drafted. At the start of the execution of the Plan a week-long seminar will be held with the students involved, to teach them the basic aspects of the Model. They will then learn full details as they each draft one of more of the +/- 110 project documents under the on-going supervision of the Consultant.


Other interested parties, especially parties originating outside the Eastern Province, will be invited to participate in the Moraisian workshops and in the activities for the preparation of the +/- 110 individual projects there to gain the experience necessary to ensure rapidly ever-widening repeatability of this project initiative.

5. The budget for the preparation of the Provincial Plan


5.1. The budget itself





Total Euros


1. Human Resources






1.01 Salaries



1.01.01 Technical


1010101 Coordinator Peter Gatuna (EU pro-diem level) 3 months, free all taxes


1010102      Second coordinator

(EU pro-diem level) 3 months, free all  taxes



Total 1.01




1.01.2 Administrative/support staff salary Euro 500 per month for 3 months

40 students for 3 months



Total 1.02





8 Drivers for 2 months @ Euro 500 per month

2 Drivers for 3 months @ Euro 500 per month



Total 1.03












2. Travel






2.01 International travel.



2.01.01 Integrated development consultant Amsterdam-Nairobi two return  flights over 3 months @  Euro 2.500



Total 2.01



2.02 Local travel



2.02.01 Nairobi-Embu

8 return trips for two people

16 person nights in  Nairobi @ Euro 50



2.02.02 Embu-Divisions for research purposes

10 vehicles over 45 days

450 trips  x 2 persons

(driver + researcher)

900 person nights x Euro 25



Total 2.02












3. Office costs/local costs



3.01 Use of vehicles




8 Vehicles 200km/day x 45 days

72000 km @ Euro 0,25




2 Vehicles 100km/day x 90 days

18000 km @ Euro 0,25



Hire 8 vehicles x 45 days @ Euro 40



Hire 2 vehicles x 90 days @ Euro 40



Sub-total 3.01



3.02 Hire of office and equipment



3.02.01 Use of one or more furnished lecture rooms

at District Council offices, Embu High School or other suitable partner.

To charge of partner.




3.02.02 Use of  40 computers during 3 months.

To charge of partner.




3.02.03 Use of  4 printers for three months. 

To charge of partner.




3.02.04 Use of 12 mobile telephones.

of which 10 for 2 months and 2 for 3 months.

To charge of partner.



Sub-total 3.02



3.03 Office materials



3.03.01 Paper, toner, and general supply for offices excluding CD’s.

Initial supply Euro 500,

2 months @ Euro 250

Local purchases.



3.03.02 1500 empty CD’s

10 CDs per project + 400 for back-up etc




Sub-total 3.03



3.04 Other services (telephone/electricity/heating/maintenance)



3.04.01 Mobile telephones

10 units for 1.5 months (during trips for research)

@ Euro 200.



3.04.02 Mobile telephones

2 units for 3 months (in Embu)

@ Euro 200.



3.04.03 Electricity  et services

To charge of partner.



3.04.04 Vehicle maintenance

To charge of car-hire firm



3.04.05 Maintenance computers

To charge of partner



3.04.06 Permits and formalities

None foreseen.



Sub-total 3.04












4. Other costs, services






4.01 Evaluation costs



4.01.01 Final Evaluation Report




Sub-total 4.01



4.02 Financial services



4.06.02 Banking costs

(Opening and operation of project accounts)



Sub-total 4.06



4.09 Insurance



4.09.01 Third party insurance vehicles

8 vehicles for 1.5 months @ Euro 25 per month



4.09.02 Third party insurance

2 vehicles for 3 months @ Euro 25 per month



Casco vehicle insurance 8 vehicles for 1.5 months

12 months @ Euro 40



Casco vehicle insurance 2 vehicles for 3 months @ Euro 40

6 months @ Euro 40



Third party insurance general project activities



Workers’ compensation insurance ????



Sub-total 4.09












5. Sub-total of eligible direct costs of the action (1-4)



6. Unforeseen (about. 11,44% of 5)



7. Total budget for the action (5+6)




5.2. Indicative budget for the execution the 110 individual projects  comprising the Regional Plan  (integrated development for  5.500.000 inhabitants)


The expected initial formal money investment is Euro 75 (KES 7500)  for each inhabitant, or  Euro 3.750.000 for each project area with 50.000 inhabitants.


Assuming 110 projects, the total cost of the initial formal money investment  for all the projects together would be Euro 750.000 x 110, or Euro 412.500.000 (KES


The total amount of all 110 projects together would be Euro 550.000.000 (KES of which about 25% is paid by the local populations under the local money systems set up in an early phase of the execution of each individual project.


Period for the completion of the 110 individual projects : December 2015.


5.3 The order of priority for the execution of the 110 projects


The final order of priority is a political decision of the Provincial Assembly.


Recommendations will be made in the Regional Plan, based on available statistics and reports made by the research teams during their visits to the individual project areas during the first 45 days of the execution of the Plan.


The criteria most likely to be applied are:


1)       The poorest rural zones in the poorest districts.

2)       The poorest rural zones in the other districts.

3)       The less poor rural zones in the poorest districts.

4)       The less poor rural zones in the other districts.

5)       Towns in the poorest districts.

6)       Towns in the less poor districts..


Preference is given to execution of projects in rural areas rather than in the towns , so as to block, and if possible, reverse migratory exodus from rural areas to the towns.


5.4 Extra information.


For more information on the principles on which Integrated Development Plan “Eastern Province, Kenya, 2015”

Is based, please refer to the website of the Dutch NGO Stichting Bakens Verzet, .


End of the Project Integrated Development Plan “Eastern Province, Kenya, 2015” 





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 “Poverty is created scarcity”

Wahu Kaara, point 8 of the Global Call to Action Against Poverty, 58th annual NGO Conference, United Nations, New York 7th September 2005.



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