NGO Another Way (Stichting Bakens Verzet), 1018 AM
SELF-FINANCING, ECOLOGICAL, SUSTAINABLE, LOCAL INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS FOR THE WORLD’S POOR
FREE E-COURSE FOR DIPLOMA IN INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT
Edition 12 : 02 November, 2006.
Edition 13 : 06 October, 2011.
The political situation in the project area is (very stable, fairly stable, unstable). Long-term political stability at least over the first ten years’ operational period necessary for integrated development (and interest-free loan repayment) cannot be guaranteed.
(While the capital structures installed are insurable against loss or damage by Act of God such as lightning, hurricanes, or earthquakes, it is not possible to insure them against loss or damage deriving from causes such as Act of Political and Military Authorities, civil war, commotion, rebellion, and strikes. The cost of insurance against such risks would be so high that it would constitute a major on-going financial leakage from the project area, which is just one of the major problems the project is designed to stop. )
What happens in case of loss of or damage to the capital project structures (where applicable, before repayment of the interest-free seed loan after ten years) must therefore be clearly addressed during project funding.
The beneficiaries of this project are by definition poor and the loss or damage in question derives from causes entirely beyond their control. To require these poor people to repay (a loan after ten years for) capital structures they have lost for reasons beyond their control is in profound contradiction with the short term and long term goals of the project. The external funding agency (has, has not) access to forms of insurance available to cover funds at risk in projects in developing countries. It (has, has not) undertaken to ensure, at its own cost and by way of gift, that funds for this project are insured.
(Where applicable : Since insurance is not available, the external funding agency has accepted that in the case of loss of or damage to project structures deriving from causes beyond the power and control of the users the interest free loan be converted into a gift so that users are freed from their contractual obligations. )
Normally, at the time the (uninsured) loss of or damage to the capital structures occurs, users will have (contributed funds, paid a part of the loan) into the Cooperative Local Development Fund. The money which has already been collected in the Cooperative Local Development Fund at the time the loss of or damage to the capital structures occurs:
((a) Must be used immediately to reinstate the capital
goods lost or damaged.)
((b) Has to be repaid to the lenders at the end of the original ten years' interest free loan period. )
((c) Has to be repaid immediately.)
((d) Will, subject to analysis of the current political situation, be integrated by a further loan to enable complete reinstatement of the capital structures so that the project application can make a re-start. )
Forward: Circulation of funds.
Back: The effects of inflation.
drawings and graphs.
Typical list of maps.
List of key words.
List of abbreviations used.
Documents for funding applications.
Money is not the key that opens the gates of the market but the bolt that bars them.
Gesell, Silvio, The Natural Economic Order,
revised English edition, Peter Owen,
“Poverty is created scarcity”
Wahu Kaara, point 8 of the Global Call to Action Against Poverty, 58th annual NGO Conference,
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