NGO Another Way (Stichting Bakens Verzet), 1018 AM Amsterdam, Netherlands.


Edition 01: 03 November, 2009.

Edition 01 : 18 June, 2012.


01. E-course : Diploma in Integrated Development (Dip. Int. Dev.)



Quarter 1.





Value : 06 points out of 18.

Work foreseen: 186 hours out of 504.


The points are awarded only after passing the consolidated exam for Section B : Solutions to the problems.



Third block : Solutions to the problems.


Value : 01 point our of 18.

Work foreseen: 36 hours out of 504.


[16.00 Hours] Section 1 : Anthropological analysis of the three levels of project structures. (Value 0.5 point)

[16.00 Hours] Section 2 : Division of responsibilities amongst the three levels of structures. (Value 0,5 point)

[04.00 Hours] Exam block 3.


The point is awarded only after passing the consolidated exam for Section B : Solutions to the problems.



[16.00 Hours] Section 2 : Division of des responsibilities amongst the three levels of structures. (Value 0,5 point)


Division of responsibilities. [14.00 Hours]


01. The chain of  responsibilities. 

02. Illustration of the division of  responsibilities. 

03. Tank commissions. 

04. Well commissions. 

05. Central committee. 

06. Permanent cooperative for the management of the project structures. 

07. Cooperative for project execution. 


[02.00 Hours] Report on Section 2 of Block 3.



Third  block : Exam. [ 4 hours per attempt]



Division of responsibilities. [14.00 Hours]


03. Tank commissions.  (At least 2 hours)


This section refers only to the division of tasks. For the creation of the structures see Section 2 : Social structures  of  Block 4 :The structures to be created.


For the anthropological justification of the tank commissions see Section. 1 : Anthropological analysis of Block 3 :Solutions to the problems.


David Korten writes :

“Earth’s biosphere, the product of 3.5 billion years of trial-and-error learning, is global in scale yet truly local everywhere, and organizes from the bottom up. With its continuous repurposing and recycling, nothing is wasted. As a system, it has an extraordinary capacity to adapt to local conditions and optimize the sustainable capture, exchange, storage, and recycling of energy, water, and nutrients. This is the key to its impressive resilience and productivity. It meets the needs of all the world’s living organisms, without any equivalent of money, global corporations, central authority, or the destabilizing use of fossil fuels.

“Because each local subsystem balances its consumption and reproduction with local resource availability, the global system maintains a healthy, dynamic balance with Earth’s total water, energy, and nutrient resources.

“Providing for our human needs while bringing ourselves into balance with Earth, our living home, depends on creating a New Economy that works in symbiotic partnership with the biosphere’s structure and dynamics to optimize the health and well-being of all. This economy would consist of a planetary system of resilient, locally rooted, self-reliant bio-regional economies. They would be comprised of human-scale, locally owned enterprises that work in symbiotic partnership with their individual local ecosystems, meeting local needs with local resources. As each local economy comes into balance with its own place on Earth, the global economy will in turn come into balance with Earth itself. ”(Rio+20 : A defining Choice, YES ! Magazine, Bainbridge Island, June 15, 2012.)

The basic administrative unit under integrated development projects, after that of the individual households is called the tank commission. It may also be referred to as a local development commission. Tank commissions usually represent between 200 and 350 people, or 40-50 families, all of which are served by a local drinking water tank.


Tank commissions have many important tasks.  Together, they form the hub of integrated development projects.


An active role of women at this level addresses the problems concerning women’s participation in the development process. The hygiene education structures  are used to ensure a majority participation of women on the tank commissions.


All tank commission activities are carried out by the inhabitants themselves. Details of the structures are worked out by the participants a Moraisian workshop in the course of the early phases of execution of the project in question.


For information on Moraisian workshops see annexes  09.11 Information on organisational workshops and  09.12 Bibliography on organisational workshops. 


For clarity, each tank commission receives a small monthly formal money contribution (to the order of Euro 5 per month) that it can utilise at its discretion, for example to subsidise the monthly contributions of the poorest families to the local development funds.


Bear i n mind that all public activities at tank commission level are monetised under the local money system set up in an early project phase. Everyone is paid for what he/she does for the benefit of the community. No-one is asked to work without payment. Obviously everyone s free to decide how to split his /her time. No-one is blocked from carrying out voluntary un-paid work should he/she wish to do it.


Here are a few of the tank commission’s  tasks :


Illustration of the tank commission’s tasks.


Some of the tasks relate to the democratic participation of the inhabitants in te projects.

Others are connected to the ownership in the physical structures.

Others are linked to the management of physical structures.

Others are linked to the financial management structures.

Others again are linked to the management  of social structures.


1. Research.


On one page. List the activities under each of the five groups named. The activities given apply to all of the tank commissions. Other activities can be organised by individual tank commissions by most of them, of by some of them. Feel free to add other activities you think are relevant in your project area to the list. For example the property in primary schools, homes/centre for nursing help,  and sports activities. Think of  the ownership and management of  bicycle paths, solar public lighting, plantations, the management of gypsum deposits .....There will usually be a cooperative insurance system without any formal money costs ; cooperative purchasing groups.....


Some tasks can in principle be delegated by the tank commission to other members of the population served by the commission. For example, the practical organisation  of the local money system or the management of interest-free micro-credits, or the organisation of the waste recycling systems.


2. Opinion.


On one page express your vision of the (eventual) delegation of tasks at tank commission level in your project area. Do you consider the delegation of tasks a good idea?


Some structures may be shared by two tank commission areas. For example, the population served by a given tank commission may be too small to support a primary school or other structures of its own.


3. Opinion.


On one page describe how you would manage structures common to more than one tank commission area.


Suppose that a tank commission structure be used by persons resident in another tank commission area or by persons residing outside the project area. For example where the tank commission area has boundaries with a territory where there is not integrated development project.


4. Opinion.


On one page write two paragraphs each with +/- 250 words explaining how you would resolve these problems.


The activities of a tank commission are multiplied by +/- 200 times according to the number of tank commissions active in a given integrated development project. Each tank commission is autonomous. It develops and manages its services as it likes. The total of all of the activities at project level resembles  +/- 200 plates of spaghetti. On each plate, the spaghettis are in movement amongst each other, but they are not in contact with the spaghettis on the other  plates. Each spaghetto on a plate leads its own life. Some will succeed better than others. Some may not work very well at all.


5. Opinion.


On one page describe how positive and negative experiences could be shared amongst the different tank commissions.