NGO Another Way (Stichting Bakens Verzet), 1018 AM Amsterdam, Netherlands.


01. E-course : Diploma in Integrated Development (Dip. Int.Dev.)


Edition 02 : 20 June, 2010

Edition 06 : 15 November, 2011.


Quarter 3.





Study points : 05 points out of 18

Minimum study time : 125 hours out of 504


The study points are awarded upon passing the consolidated exam  for  Section C : The Model.



Block 8 : Economic aspects.


                            [Study points 03 out of 18]

[Minimum study time: 85 hours out of 504]


The study points are awarded upon passing the consolidated exam  for  Section C : The Model.



Block 8 : Economic aspects.


Sect. 4 : Achievement of the Millennium Goals. [06 hours ] 


01. Quality of life of the inhabitants.  (02 hours)

02. On-going development. (02 hours ).

03. Summary of the results achieved. (01 hour )


Section 4 report:   (01 hour )



Sect. 4 : Achievement of the Millennium Goals. [06 hours ]  


03. Summary of the results achieved. ( At last 1 hour )


Refer to  Section 2. The services at the base of a good quality of life of the first block poverty and quality of life of the course.


Review your report on Section 2 of block 1  very carefully.


1. Opinion.


On 2 pages take each of the basic services in turn and indicate how integrated development projects as presented in this course meet the requirements. Feel free to cite limitations and to make, if you wish,  suggestions for the improvement of the concepts.


“Like the biosphere, the living economies we seek will self-organize within a framework of market rules. Rooted locally everywhere and dependent primarily on their own resource base, they will have built in incentives to optimize creative adaptation to local microenvironments. With the decision-making powers of ownership distributed among the community’s members in their multiple roles as producers, consumers, and citizens there will be a natural incentive to internalize costs and manage resources responsibly.” Korten D., The New Economy : Design for Life. Can we design a self-correcting society?, YES! Magazine, Bainbridge Island,  02 May, 2011.


Refer the analysis made in part  1. The basic concepts  - introduction in section 3 the financial structures of the fourth block the structures to be created of the course.


Read the “Declaration of the Occupation of New York City”, dated 19th October, 2011.


Carefully read the  article by Fritjof Capra, Development and sustainability, Center for Ecoliteracy, Berkeley, 2005.


Capra ends his article this way:


“The alternative view of development proposed by the global civil society sees development as a creative process, characteristic of all life, a process of increasing capability, in which the most important thing one needs is control over local resources. In this view, the development process is not purely an economic process. It is also a social, ecological, and ethical process—a multidimensional and systemic process. The primary actors in development are the institutions of civil society—NGOs and other associations based on kin, on neighborhood, or on common interests.


Because people are different and the places in which they live are different, we can expect development to produce cultural diversity of all kinds. The process whereby it will happen will be very different from the current global trading system. It will be based on the mobilization of local resources to satisfy local needs, and it will be informed by the values of human dignity and ecological sustainability. Living sustainably means recognizing that we are an inseparable part of the web of life, of human and nonhuman communities, and that enhancing the dignity and sustainability of any one of them will enhance all the others.”


2. Opinion.


On two pages explain how the integrated development concepts presented in the course enable the local populations in each project area to obtain control of local resources and mobilise them to achieve local development as intended by Fritjof Capra.


Read the article by Robert Koehler :  Ancient Oceans : The Planet’s Plunder Will Continue in the Name of Progress published at the website of, Portland (Maine), June 17, 2010.  Koehler cites James O’Dea, former director of Amnesty International :


“Help me return to deep community. Help me to commune with Nature, not as a tourist but as a co-inhabitant…” 


3. Opinion.


On one page, describe how integrated development can contribute to meeting these wishes.


Commons trusteeship.


“Figure 3

Cap and Rent

Adjusting to a Commons-based economy


·   Common goods are protected to the extent possible for future generations through a cap on the sustainable limits of their use

·   Some portion of these resources are rented to private enterprise for the production and consumption of private goods by the present generation

·   The rents are distributed by the state as public goods, to repair and restore depleted commons, provide a universal income, and benefit people who have been negatively affected by the extraction and production of their common resources.”


Quilligan J.B., “The Failed Metaphysics Behind Private Property : Sharing our Commonhood,” Kosmos , Lenox, spring-summer 2011, pp.53-60.


To end your studies in good humour, watch the 19 minute long film by the Swede Hans Rosling  New insights on poverty, at the website of, New York, June 2007.


 Eighth block :  Section 4 : Achievement of the Millennium Goals. 

 Eighth block: economic aspects.  

Main index  for the Diploma in Integrated  Development  (Dip. Int. Dev.)

 List of key words.

 List of references.

  Course chart.

 Technical aspects.

 Courses available.

Homepage Bakens Verzet


"Money is not the key that opens the gates of the market but the bolt that bars them."

Gesell, Silvio, The Natural Economic Order, revised English edition, Peter Owen, London 1958, page 228.


“Poverty is created scarcity”

Wahu Kaara, point 8 of the Global Call to Action Against Poverty, 58th annual NGO Conference, United Nations, New York 7th September 2005.



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