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STICHTING BAKENS VERZET

1018 AM AMSTERDAM, THE NETHERLANDS

Director,

T.E.(Terry) Manning,

Schoener 50,

1771 ED Wieringerwerf,

The Netherlands.

Tel: 0031-227-604128

Homepage: http://www.flowman.nl

E-mail: (nameatendofline)@xs4all.nl : bakensverzet

 


MODEL FOR SUSTAINABLE SELF-FINANCING INTEGRATED RURAL AND POOR URBAN DEVELOPMENT FOR THE WORLD'S POOR

Incorporating innovative social, financial, economic, local administrative and productive structures, numerous renewable energy applications, with an important role for women in poverty alleviation in rural and poor urban environments.

 


 

"Money is not the key that opens the gates of the market but the bolt that bars them"

 

Gesell, Silvio The Natural Economic Order

Revised English edition, Peter Owen, London 1958, page 228

 


 

Edition 11: 31 August 2006

 


05.31 Water supply structures : general information.

Present drinking water structures in the project area. This project will be decentralised. About (number) large diameter wells and (number) large diameter boreholes will be dug using local labour, construction methods and materials supplied under the local LETS systems.

About 6-9 solar submersible horizontal axis piston pumps or equivalent technology will be installed in each well. Each of the pumps will supply water to a dedicated water tank serving a local community. The well is the hub of the supply system. The water pipelines radiating from it are its spokes.

Schools will each receive one dedicated tank. Clinics, for further safety, will be served by two tanks each with its own pump.

Each well will be equipped with back-up hand-pumps (see Schedule 5 for a complete description of the hand-pumps).The hand-pumps will provide water during unusually long periods of bad weather.

Where culturally appropriate, there will be a communal washing area near each well so that women used to doing their washing in groups can continue to do so. The backup hand-pumps may also be used to service the washing areas and in cases of emergency.

The water supply is based on a water consumption of 25 litres per person per day. Since solar energy is to be used to pump the water, bad weather must be taken into account. For that reason, the tanks need to have a capacity for three days' use. Each tank will supply about 200 people. The capacity required to give 25 litres per day to 200 people for three days is 15m3, the planned size of the tanks.

05.31 Structures for the drinking water distribution system.

For possible technical solutions for the drinking water distribution system refer to:

DRAWING OF WATER SYSTEM STRUCTURES.
DRAWING OF TYPICAL WATER TANK AREA.

Usually just one Moraisian workshop will be held in a given project area.

Indicative participation

The Moraisian trainers
The project coordinator
Consultant Terry Manning
Consultant EOS advises
At least one representative of the ONG
Representative of the Health Ministry
Representative of the Rural Development ministry
At least 5 observers (possible coordinators for future projects)
30 persons indicated by the tank commissions interested in the systematic maintenance of the structures
100 persons indicated by the tank commissions, interested in drilling boreholes, drilling wells and building the associated civil and associated works

Duration of the workshop: about four weeks.

The Workshop will be expected to produce the following structures:

a) A coordination structure
- definition of the social form
- statutes
- rules
- professional and administrative structures
- financial aspects including payments
- relations with the local money LETS systems

b) Analysis of requirements
Refere to Schedule 1 for full details)

c) Hydrogeological research

d) Preparation of maps showing:
- sites of boreholes and wells
- tank sites
- feed-pipe installation lines

e) Specifications
- Work bases/depots
- Boreholes/wells
- Solar pumps
- Hand pumps
- Washing areas
- Solar panels
- Panel supports
- Borehole/well surroundings
- Laying of pipelines
- Installation tanks
- Eventual installation of UV purification units
- Training of well commissions
- Training of tank commission

f) Permits

g) The civil works
- Base for storage of equipment and materials
- Formation of teams
- Planning of works
- Logistics
- Equipment and materials

h) Installation of the structures

i) Maintenance
- Creation of the maintenance structure
- Relations with suppliers
- Importation and management of spare parts
- Planning of preventive maintenance
- Maintenance kits
- Monitoring system
- System of statistics f) Logistics
- Assembly and stocking of materials
- distribution of mini-briquettes

LIST OF FILES RELATING TO HYGIENE EDUCATION, DRINKING WATER SUPPLY AND SANITATION


 

PAGE

PROJECT FEATURES

 

03.00 Project background

 

03.02 State of drinking water in the project area 

 

03.08 Hygiene education in the project area

 

03.09 Sanitation in the project area

 

03.10 Waste management in the project area

 

05.10 Social structures

 

05.12 Hygiene education structures

 

05.13 Tank commissions

 

05.14 Well commissions

 

05.15 Project managment structure

 

05.30 Service structures

 

05.31 Drinking water supply structures

 

05.32 Sanitation structures, including organic and inorganic waste recycling structures 

 

05.33 Waste recycling structures

 

06.00 Phases of project execution.

 

06.22 Health clubs and hygiene education

 

06.26 Waste recycling structures

 

06.29 Drinking water structures

 


Drinking water structures.

The distributed drinking water supply structures are the structures which need the largest formal money capital investments. They will defined by the people themselves  during a capacitation workshop following the formation of most of the other structures planned. The following general indications are therefore subject to changes, some of them important, from one project application to another.    The following information should, however, give a fair idea of the size and nature of  project applications.

See drawings:

PROJECT STRUCTURES
TANK COMMISSIONS THE KEY STRUCTURES
WELL COMMISSIONS
DRAWING OF DRINKING WATER SUPPLY STRUCTURES
DRAWING OF A DRINKING WATER TANK INSTALLATION AREA

DRAWING OF COMPLETE WASTE RECYCLING STRUCTURE

 


00.0.00.0. Water supply summary (example)

Villages
Inhabitants

Liters/day

Boreholes/wells

Handpumps

Solar pumps

Watts installed

Villages du canton de Sedomi

27071

0781

19

057

120

036000

Villages du canton de Gboto

20424

0515

13

039

069

020700

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

47495

1296

32

96

189

56700

Basic information for drinking water supply  (example):

Inhabitants : 47495
Boreholes : 32
Approximately litres/day 1.296.000 (1296 m3) 
Solar pumps installed : 189
Installed photovoltaic power : 56.7 KW
15 m3 water tanks :189
Back-up hand pumps : 96 being 32 triple sets.
Pipelines from boreholes to water tanks  (estimation) : 200000m.


Principles applied for placing drinking water structures
Boreholes and wells and their equipment
Water points near family homes
Some budget items  applicable to the water supply structures


Forward: sanitation structures.

Back: Micro-credit structures.


Main index of the Model.


Homepage of the Model.


List of drawings and graphs.
Typical list of maps.
List of key words.
List of abbreviations used.
Documents for funding applications.

 


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